February is Black History Month: Black Panther Party

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The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense was a political organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966.  The party was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with international chapters operating in the United Kingdom and Algeria.  

At its inception on October 15, 1966, the Black Panther Party’s core practice was its armed citizens’ patrols to monitor the behavior of officers of the Oakland Police Department and challenge police brutality.  In 1969, community social programs became a core activity of party members.  The Black Panther Party instituted a variety of community social programs, most extensively the Free Breakfast for Children Programs, and Community Health Clinics.  The party enrolled the most members and made the greatest impact in the Oakland-San Francisco Bay Area, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago Seattle, and Philadelphia. 

The New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (NBPP) is a U.S.-based black nationalist organization founded in Dallas, Texas, in 1989. Despite its name, the NBPP is not an official successor to the Black Panther Party.  Members of the original Black Panther Party have insisted that the newer party is illegitimate and they have firmly declared, “There is no new Black Panther Party”.  

 

 

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